World Events

July - September, 1965

July : The American space probe Mariner 4 flew by Mars and sent back 22 photographs of the planet, the  first images of the planet taken from a spacecraft.  President Johnson signed a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking.  President Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam to 175,000 "almost immediately." The Beatles movie "Help" premiered with Queen Elizabeth in attendance.


August : Indian troops invaded Pakistan. Indo-Pakistani fighting spread to Kashmir and to the Punjab without a formal declaration of war. Singapore proclaimed its independence from the Malaysian Federation. Folk legend Bob Dylan was booed off stage in New York after using an electric guitar for the second half of his performance.


September : Philosopher, musician, doctor, theologian and humanitarian Albert Schweitzer died, aged 90.  India and Pakistan began a second war over Kashmir., Queen Elizabeth decorated the Beatles with the Order of the British Empire.  A volcano exploded on Luzon, Philippines with 500 killed. The Indonesian Communist Party attempted an insurgency which was brutally suppressed by the military and civilian gangs resulting in deaths of over 100,000.