World Events

October - December, 1964

October : Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer. Civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating a policy of non-violence. Philips Corporation began experimenting with colour TV. Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev  removed from office. He was succeeded as premier by Alexei N. Kosygin and as Communist Party secretary by Leonid I. Brezhnev. Harold Wilson of the Labor Party assumed office as prime minister of Great Britain, succeeding Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home. Red China detonated its first atomic bomb and became the world's fourth nuclear power.

November :  President Johnson soundly defeated Republican challenger Barry Goldwater to win a second White House term as the 36th president. Australia began a draft to fulfil its commitment in Vietnam. Vatican abolished Latin as the official language of Roman Catholic liturgy.

December :, Kenya formally became a republic. Britain’s House of Commons voted to ban the death penalty. Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty. India and Ceylon were hit by a cyclone and 4,850 were killed. Syrian-based al-Fatah guerrillas of Yasser Arafat launched their first raid on Israel with the aim of provoking a retaliation and sparking an Arab war against Israel.